Ureaplasma/Mycoplasma Test: What It Is & Why You Need It

Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are two independent bacteria, but are often present as a dual infection. They are different infections but are often tested together because they travel together and are frequently found together in the body. These organisms have similar side effects and cross-over symptoms like other STDs and are part of the spectrum of sexually transmitted organisms. Up to half of those infected with ureaplasma or mycoplasma display no symptoms; but if left untreated, they can cause long term complications, like chronic pelvic pain or infertility.

Until recently, ureaplasma and mycoplasma have been very difficult to detect. With increased testing, more people may become aware of these bacteria, reducing transmission of these common, though relatively unknown, infections.

While it is possible not to have any symptoms of an infection, here are the most common symptoms associated with a Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma infection.

Symptoms in Women:

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

  • Inflammation of the urethra

  • Kidney stones and kidney infection

  • Increased risk of miscarriages or difficulties during pregnancy

Symptoms in Men:

  • Kidney stones and kidney infection

  • Inflammation of the urethra


Ureaplasma/Mycoplasma infections can be transmitted through sexual contact between partners. It is a common sexually transmitted disease that is not only passed from one partner to another, but can also be passed from mother to child. The infection can be passed during birth or in utero, so be sure to receive a ureaplasma test and speak with your gynecologist if you are pregnant or may become pregnant. 

Treatment & Prevention 

  • Ureaplasma and mycoplasma can be treated with antibiotics, but can be more challenging to treat than other infections or STDs. It’s important that you make an appointment with a healthcare provider so you can start treatment right away.

  • Repeat infection is common and causes an even greater risk for potential long-term complications. The CDC recommends retesting 3 months’ post-treatment; a negative result establishes that the treatment was effective.

  • Because you can transmit your infection to partners at this time, you should abstain from sexual activity until after treatment. You should also inform all current and past sexual partners about your results so they know to get tested as well.


Ureaplasma and mycoplasma were difficult to test for until recently. Although these are two different types of bacteria they are tested together because they often travel together and are found together in the body. If you feel that you are showing any symptoms, be sure to speak with your doctor or order a kit from SelfCollect.